Everyday Explorers Canada-Geography Review

Since we set out on our exploration last May on Prince Edward Island, we’ve toured every territory and province of Canada! We hope you’ve enjoyed the trip as much as we have! For the month of April, we’re going to wrap up Everyday Explorers: Canada with some fun geography review.

If you have thoughts on where you’d like us to explore next, please contact Julie Coney, Editor of the Schoolhouse Dailies at jconey@thehomeschoolmagazine.com.

For quick and easy access to all Everyday Explorers: Canada units, click here.

Thank you for exploring Canada with us!

April 8-12

Geography: Athlete Hometowns

Geography: Physical Features

April 15-19

Geography: Population

Geography: Bodies of Water

April 22-26

Geography: Cities

Geography: Islands of Canada

Conclusion

Geography: Unreached People Groups

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Everyday Explorers Canada March 11-15

Everyday Explorers is trying something a little different. Some of you have asked if we could post Explorers in a way that would make the posts easier to navigate. We’ve decided to try this format. The links will continue to be made live throughout the week. Please let us know what you think of this change. You can contact us through the Ask a Question feature. We hope you enjoy it! -Eds.

British Columbia: Days Six-Ten

British Columbia: Day Six

British Columbia: Day Seven

British Columbia: Day Eight

British Columbia: Day Nine

British Columbia: Day Ten

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Explorers Canada March 8

Download lesson: Explorers Canada March 8

British Columbia

Day Five

I’ve had so much fun this week, exploring the Fort Langley National Historic Site and Rogers Pass National Historic Site!

It’s very important for an explorer to keep a record of all the places they’ve explored. That helps the people who travel there after them to find their way and stay safe. You could run into all sorts of dangerous surprises if you got lost in the forest!

So, we’re going to write down some facts about what we’ve seen on our expedition this week. Go get your explorer packs, and we will get started.

In my Travel Journal, I have written down the weather of the places we visited. I have logged the kilometers we have traveled, and I have recorded the time periods we have visited.

Use these pages to create your own British Columbia Travel Journal. We’re going to use it every week, so don’t forget where you put it when you finish today’s lesson!

Directions

In your weather log, fill in the answers from your Explorer Pack. Record the distance you traveled between the Fort Langley National Historic Site and Rogers Pass National Historic Site. On your Timeline, record the events happening in British Columbia in 1840 and 1885. Don’t forget to record the other events you discovered.

I hope you enjoyed your first week of exploring British Columbia. I will see you next week, when we will travel to a very old cannery and an historic fort.

Week One Enrichment Ideas 

#1: One thing British Columbia is known for today is being the Canadian home of the television and movie industry. If you haven’t already, please take some time to explore George Escobar’s Filmmaking class here on SchoolhouseTeachers.com. It is an amazing class that takes an in-depth look at how you can work in the movie industry and let your light shine for Christ.

#2: Learn more about the Salish or other First Nations people of British Columbia. Share what you learn with your family, friends, or church group.

Explorers Canada March 7

Download lesson: Explorers Canada March 7

British Columbia

Day Four

Now that we’re here in 1885, it will be easier to explain all of the activity that is going on around here. It’s all part of a plan announced in 1871 by the first Prime Minister of Canada, Sir John A. Macdonald. He promised Canada and the world that he would build the longest railway the world had ever seen! The plan was to connect the Pacific Ocean on the western banks of British Columbia with the Atlantic Ocean of the eastern coast Canada—and to connect them by rail.

But the Selkirk Mountains stood in their way. It took ten years of men walking and riding through these parts to scout out a route through the mountains. Finally, the government made a deal with the Canadian Pacific Railway Company to build the railway.

Many men worked very hard to build the railroad, and many men were hurt and even died trying to build it through the snowy mountains. Two of the men who were responsible for the project were William Cornelius Van Horne, the general manager of the railroad, and Major Albert Bowman Rogers. A lot of people didn’t like Major Rogers. He was rough and treated his men rudely. But he was also dependable and did his best at his job. In the end, the pass was named after him.

Rogers Pass would get very heavy snowfall often, and avalanches made it very dangerous to work at the pass or take trains through. In time, the pass would be abandoned for a safer route, the Connaught Tunnel, which was less prone to avalanches. Still, for the moment in history that Rogers Pass lived in, it was an engineering marvel.

Explore More

Use the pages in your Explorer Pack to help you complete these activities.

Grades K-2

One thing Rogers Pass has is plenty of snow! Up to 12 meters (or 40 feet) of snow in just one year! If you live in an area that gets snow, check out Erin Dean’s Nature/Outdoors lesson for this month, March 2013, on SchoolhouseTeachers.com. If you don’t live in an area with snow, draw a picture of a day when your town sees its first snowfall. What happens? How do people feel about it? What do you do?

Grades 3-6

More than half of Glacier National Park, where Rogers Pass is located, is inside an alpine tundra zone. What exactly is an alpine tundra zone? What characteristics describe it? Make a list of what you discover.

Grades 7-12

Constructing a pass through the Selkirk Mountains to link the railway was an enormous challenge. How do the challenges the engineers faced, and the way they dealt with them, compare and contrast to other similar construction projects, in Canada or in other parts of the world?

Explorers Canada March 6

Download lesson: Explorers Canada March 6

British Columbia

Day Three

Welcome back! Today, I want to show you Rogers Pass, an historic spot tucked away far up in the Selkirk Mountains. Look at that beautiful view. That’s the Illecillewaet Valley, green and beautiful, tucked beneath white-capped mountains. The mountains have some of the most breathtaking views you can find anywhere. They also posed quite a challenge to the railroad as it tried to connect British Columbia with the rest of Canada.

Come on, I’ll tell you about it as we look around. Here are the old stone ruins of Glacier House. This spot was once one of the most magnificent hotels you could find! As the trains climbed up higher into the mountains, they couldn’t carry the dining cars like they did in a lot of other places. So the hotel was built to give people a place to eat and spend the night.

I want to show you around the Discovery Centre, too. It is an amazing building all of its own., beautiful wood and stone. We can take a break after we do some hiking and learn about the pass from the displays inside.

Let’s go for a hike on one of the historic trails, then we’ll come back inside and get warm. What do you say?

This website will get you started on our next stop. Don’t forget to have your Explorer Pack 1 with you tomorrow!

Explore More

Timeline—We’re getting ready to visit Rogers Pass National Historic Site in 1885. Find another event that was happening in 1885, either in British Columbia, Canada, or the world. Make a note of it in your Explorer Pack.

Extra Exploration—How many different kinds of animals can you discover that live in the area surrounding Rogers Pass? You can find some to get you started on this page.

Explorers Canada March 5

Download lesson: Explorers Canada March 5

British Columbia

Day Two

Welcome to Fort Langley, 1840! This is actually the second Fort Langley that was built. The first one was built about four kilometers down the river. But it was such a mess that when the big order came in, they decided to build a new one.

What’s that? What big order? Oh, that’s right. I’m sorry, I told you I would tell you all about that today. You see, last year, in 1839, the Hudson Bay Company leased the Alaskan Panhandle from a group called the Russian American (Fur) Company. But instead of paying with money for the lease, they agreed to pay with things like otter skins, wheat, butter, and other farm goods. That’s why they decided to move upstream when they rebuilt the fort—it’s closer to the prairie where the farming is done.

This has been a popular place for trading goods for a long time, ever since the first Fort Langley was built back in 1827. The fur traders and the First Nation peoples traded furs, salmon, and cranberries. The goods that were traded here found their way all over the world.

People from all over the world will find their way to Fort Langley in a few years, too. In 1858, when gold is found in the Fraser River area, Fort Langley will be the hub that everyone pours through!

Explore More

Use the pages from your Explorer Pack to help you complete these activities.

Grades K-2

Take a look at the map in your Explorer Pack and find British Columbia. Who are its neighbors? Is it big or little? Do you think they have mostly warm weather or cold weather? Where can you find the capital city of Victoria? (Hint: it has a star beside its name.) Look closely at the spot where you find Victoria. What do you notice about it? Color the map of Canada and British Columbia if you would like.

Grades 3-6

Meet the Salish people of British Columbia. Do some research and find out who the Salish people are and what their lives were like back in the days of Fort Langley. Now imagine you could interview one of the people you have learned about. What questions would you ask? What do you think their answers would be? Write the interview the way you think it might go.

Grades 7-12

Hunting and trapping in the woods can be exciting. But it can also be very dangerous. Talk to you parents about what kind of outdoor safety rules you need to know and follow in order to stay safe where you live.