Literacy Center Help for Struggling Learners and Students with Special Needs - Schoolhouse Teachers

Literacy Center Help for Struggling Learners and Students with Special Needs

Reading Remedies

  • Reading and Spelling Multisyllable Words: Struggling readers who have trouble with multisyllable words will be taught how to increase reading fluency and comprehension through patterns, rhyming words, ending patterns, and syllables. Various activities and practice exercises are provided.
  • Phonics: Students will be able to improve their reading fluency and speed by learning to read and spell through phonics, practicing with word patterns, and rhyming words. Students who struggle to read due to dyslexia can work through the Fourteen Steps to Teach Dyslexics to Spell & Read. 
  • Reading Fluency Part One and Part Two: Readers who read letter by letter or word for word, have delays in cadence and rhythm, experience difficulty blending sounds, need a sense of the whole story before reading, or have strong verbal skills but a weak written language can increase their fluency by working with phrased-cued reading, repeated reading, timed reading, and reading with expression. Repetition and exposure to patterns helps students to eventually recognize words in print in any context. Two separate books are available: grades 1 and 2 and grades 3 and 4.
  • Learning to Read with Children’s Books: By using children’s books, students can improve their reading ability. Activities include introducing the story to the reader in order to improve comprehension, adding slash marks between phrases and sentences, reading slowly, reading at a normal pace, having the reader read aloud, imitative reading, timed reading, repetition of prior reading, and reading with expression.
  • Improving Reading and Spelling Skills in Science: Students will improve their reading and spelling skills in the context of science words and phrases. Students will work with word endings and perform a variety of activities such as writing the words according to their patterns, practicing sorting words, timed reading, and writing definitions.
  • Using Brain Research to Improve Reading: Research has shown that patterns and rhyming words help children learn to read. This lesson provides US History words that follow a pattern and/or rhyme to facilitate reading fluency and comprehension.
  • Spelling by Word Parts: Breaking down multisyllabic words by ending, short and long vowel sounds, and prefixes and suffixes, students will improve their spelling ability. Words are grouped according to common elements, and many worksheets are provided to facilitate learning.
  • Phonics (February and March 2013)
    • Weeks 1-4:
    • Week 1 – Beginning Consonants: Students will be able to distinguish consonant sounds at the beginning of words. Worksheets and activities are provided to practice writing each consonant and identifying objects that begin with each letter. Audio is available so students can hear the sound each consonant makes at the beginning of various words.
    • Week 2 – Ending Consonants: Students will be able to distinguish consonant sounds at the end of words. Worksheets and activities are provided to practice writing each consonant and identifying objects that end with each letter. Audio is available so students can hear the sound each consonant makes at the end of various words.
    • Week 3 – Short Vowels a-i: Students will spend time working with words that have the short vowel sounds of a and i. Students will write the words, find rhyming words, and substitute a for i to find new words. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce each student’s ability to distinguish the short vowel sounds of a and i.
    • Week 4 – Short Vowels u-e-o: Students will spend time working with words that have the short vowel sounds of u, e, and o. Students will write the words, find objects that have the short vowel sounds, and draw a variety of picture words. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce each student’s ability to distinguish the short vowel sounds of u, e, and o.
    • Weeks 5-8:
    • Week 5 – Long Vowels and Silent /e/: Students will spend time working with words that have a long vowel sound due to the silent /e/ at the end of the word. Students will write the words, find objects that have the short vowel sounds, and draw a variety of picture words. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce each student’s ability to recognize the long vowel sound in conjunction with the silent /e/.
    • Week 6 – Consonant Digraphs (wh, th, ch, sh) – Students will be able to recognize the sound created from the combination of two consonants, specifically, wh, th, ch, and sh. Students will practice reading and writing high frequency words that contain these four digraphs. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of consonant digraphs.
    • Week 7 – Beginning Consonant Blends: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created when “l” and “r” are paired with other consonants to create consonant blends. Students will practice reading and writing high frequency words that contain these consonant blends. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of these consonant blends.
    • Week 8 – Ending Consonant Blends: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created when the consonant blends of mp, st, nd, sk, nt, and ft appear at the end of words. Students will practice reading and writing high frequency words that contain these consonant blends. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of these consonant blends.
  • Phonics Review (April and May 2013)
    • Weeks 1-4:
    • Week 1 – Consonant Combinations: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created from the following consonant combinations: sm, sw, sn, st, sp, sk, ng, nk, spr, str, scr, spl, shr, thr. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these combinations, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of these consonant combinations.
    • Week 2 – Long Vowels: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created from the formation of ai, ay, oa, ow, ea, and ee. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these long vowel sounds, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Homophones and irregular words that do not follow the rule will be taught as well. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of these long vowel sounds.
    • Week 3 – Vowels + R: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created from the formation of vowels + R—ar, or, er, ir, and ur. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these sounds, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of the vowel + R sound.
    • Week 4 – Vowel Diphthongs: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created from the formation of vowel diphthongs—ou, ow, oi, oy, oo, and oo. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these sounds, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of the sounds created from vowel diphthongs.
    • Weeks 5-8:
    • Week 5 – The Sounds of AW and Y as a Vowel: Students will be able to recognize the sounds created from the use of aw and y in various words. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these sounds, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of the sounds that aw and y produce in a variety of words.
    • Week 6 – Variant and Silent Consonants: Students will be able to recognize variant and silent consonants (c, g, ch, ph, gh, b, k, d, t, and w) and determine the correct sound in a variety of words. Students will practice saying and writing high frequency reading words with these sounds, as well as draw pictures with these words and search for their use in books. Worksheets and audio are available to reinforce understanding of the sounds or lack of sounds produced from the use of these consonants in a variety of words.
    • Week 7 – Prefixes, Suffixes, and Syllables: Students will be able to recognize, read, and comprehend common prefixes (un, pre, and re) and suffixes (ful and less), as well as be able to divide words into syllables. Worksheets and audio are provided to reinforce understanding of these prefixes, suffixes, and syllables.
    • Week 8 – Phonics Check: Students will be able to recognize and read words ending in –ing. They will also learn the spelling rules regarding adding –ing to the end of a word. A review of compound words and contractions is provided. Worksheets and audio are available to practice each of the phonics rules.
  • Enjoying Summer Reading with Struggling Readers – Part One: Struggling readers will learn how to read their favorite books on their own . . . and enjoy it. By following a four-step method, students will increase their fluency and comprehension.
  • Enjoying Summer Reading with Struggling Readers – Timed Rapid Reading: Through selections of 50- to 100-word excerpts, students will increase their reading speed. Reading speed charts and guidelines are provided.
  • Enjoying Summer Reading with Struggling Readers – Reading in Phrases: Students will improve their reading fluency by learning to read in phrases, as opposed to word by word. Through various excerpts, students will learn to read and comprehend through phrase-cued reading and reading with expression.
  • Attack Posters: Students will review the various components of each of the preceding lessons through activity sheets.
  • Reading the News Part One, Part Two, Part Three, and Part Four: Students who read at a 3.0 grade level and above will be able to improve their reading and spelling abilities through the real-life skill of reading a newspaper. The learning strategies consist of timed reading, repeated reading, vocabulary, and comprehension. Workbooks and audio are provided to reinforce the strategies and help students improve their reading ability. Twelve separate workbooks are provided.
  • The Map Skills Activity Map: Students will be able to read a map, name streets, follow directions, understand topography, estimate distances, and more with this map activity booklet. Comprehension and reading ability are reinforced as students must answer questions about each successive map.
  • Reading Lab – Analytic Learners: Students who read from the parts to the whole and do well with phonics will find this a useful path to follow to improve reading skills. Sixteen lessons provide an overview of phonics, including beginning and ending consonants, short vowel and long vowel sounds, the silent /e/, consonant digraphs, and beginning and ending consonant blends. Workbooks and audio are provided.
  • Reading Lab – Global Learners: Students who struggle with reading and/or those who are dyslexic will improve their reading fluency by following a path that moves from the whole to the parts. Various news stories are presented and then broken down into parts so the student can comprehend what is being read without the struggle of sounding out words. Workbooks and audio are provided.
  • Middle and High School Struggling Readers: Students in middle school and high school will be able to decode, read fluently, and interpret complex words and technical information by following a path that focuses on each of these areas in the context of science, the news, and prefixes. Workbooks and audio are provided.
  • New material is being added regularly. 

PLUS additional reading resources by Dr. Matthew Glavach including Big Words Made Easy, 88 Word Sort Patterns, Learning to Read a Different Way, Quick Reading Intervention, and Success in Academic Content Classes

Reading Clinic

Join Christine Field, Hal and Melanie Young, Deborah Wuehler, and others for a comprehensive workshop on teaching reading to your young ones. This was originally a live webinar, a part of the Schoolhouse Expo events. Created by The Old Schoolhouse(R) Magazine.

Kinetic Connections

In Kinetic Connections, mother and home educator Edwina Moody shares practical tips to help you teach your hands-on learner virtually any subject, including English, reading, and comprehension. Printables and additional resources are included.

Special Needs

Special Needs Educational Consultant, Judi Munday, has put together a 19-part program to help those with children with special needs, be it language delays or deficits, dyslexia, or difficulty with math. She provides practical solutions and helpful tips for choosing curriculum and modifying and adapting instruction. An explanation of the skills of learning—acquiring, organizing, storing, and retrieving information—and where possible breakdowns may occur along the path is helpful for those who are seeking to understand the best course of action to facilitate their child’s success. The following list highlights the lessons specific to language-based or reading challenges. You can see the complete list of Judi’s articles here.

  • Lesson 13: Assistive Technology: Struggling Readers
  • Lesson 17: Teaching Reading to Students with Dyslexia, Part One
  • Lesson 18: Teaching Reading to Students with Dyslexia, Part Two
  • Lesson 19: Teaching Reading to Students with Dyslexia, Part Three